Prostatitis in men: signs, drugs, treatment

causes of prostatitis in men

Prostatitis is an extremely uncomfortable disease.

And especially considering the importance of any man in feeling his leadership and dominance in everything, problems in sex life can have a very bad effect onmental health, confidence and a will to win in general. Therefore, it is extremely important to recognize prostatitis in a timely manner, to cure it, and even better - to prevent it completely. Treatment of prostatitis in men with medication is most effective, but it may not always help. Furthermore, this is very important for any man who, without exception, has reached the age of 30-35, since he was then in the risk group for this disease. At the same time, the disease can manifest itself in many different forms, with different manifesting symptoms - therefore, regular visits to the doctor are very important for prevention.

But first of all, you need to find out exactly what this disease is. And for this, it's worth turning to knowledge of medicine and anatomy. The word "prostatitis" is of Latin origin - prostatitis. Literally, the prostate gland (from which it gets its name) is the prostate gland, and itis is inflammation. That is, prostatitis occurs due to an infection in the prostate gland. This happens quite often, because this gland is located in a place where bacteria from the intestines, bladder, through the blood or lymph can easily enter it. And this happens quite often, but in most cases, the male body successfully cope with this. For prostatitis to occur, other factors are required.

Causes of prostatitis

The causes of this disease can vary, with many factors and nuances that lead to prostatitis. However, there is an underlying cause of this disease. These are pathogenic bacteria that enter the prostate gland, initiate an active life, erode and destroy tissues from within - and thus cause an inflammatory process.

At the same time, depending on the nature of the disease and the type of disease occurring, inflammation can occur in different ways. In some cases, it develops rapidly and is accompanied by acute pain, and sometimes the infection destroys tissues, initiating the course of the disease, which can continue even if the infection has been eliminated. .

The infection itself invades the prostate gland in an ascending way. Most often - through the urethra, especially in diseases of the genitourinary system. In some cases, through blood and lymph, from infected pelvic organs. As a result, the prostate gland becomes infected.

There are a number of factors that can affect the onset of inflammation:

What is prostatitis in men
  • Infectious diseases of the genitourinary system.
  • Sexually transmitted diseases and sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Excessive hypothermia, especially in winter.
  • Reduces the body's defenses when the immune system is unable to cope with infection.
  • Significant obstruction and violation of the circulatory system in the small pelvis, mainly occurring when sedentary work and lack of adequate physical activity.
  • Irregular sex life and prolonged abstinence (because when ejaculating, it is necessary to massage the prostate naturally).
  • An excessive sex life also often causes prostatitis.
  • Injury to the genitals or episiotomy. Motorcyclists and cyclists, as well as motorcyclists, are more likely to be injured.
  • Alcohol abuse and smoking. Such bad habits cause serious disturbances in the general body's functioning and especially lead to edema in the area of ​​the prostate gland.
  • An unbalanced and unhealthy diet can also cause prostatitis, due to a weakened immune system due to a lack of vitamins and minerals.
  • Psychological and physical overload puts the body under strain.
  • Allergic reactions.
  • Hormonal system disorders.
  • Stool problems (frequent and frequent constipation).

All of the above, however, doesn't mean at all that if a man drives a car that likes to ski in winter or an office worker spends the day working in a sitting position, then surelyhe had prostatitis. This just means that with such risk factors, he needs to have regular tests, which will help determine the onset of the inflammatory process. It is recommended to do this at least every six months, as prevention will be much cheaper and safer than full and long-term treatment.

Types of prostatitis

Doctors identify several forms of prostatitis.

forms and forms of prostatitis in men
  • Chronic bacterial infection- prostatitis, which progresses in a chronic form, often due to a bacterial infection that persists for a long time. A diagnosis of this form of prostatitis is made if a corresponding bacteria is found in the secretory sample of the prostate gland.
  • Chronic bacterial prostatitis- a chronic inflammation of the prostate gland, which is not infectious, that is, no bacteria are detected during the test. Development of this type of prostatitis occurs mainly due to autoimmune damage to the tissues of the prostate gland.
  • Acute prostatitisis ​​a special form characterized by chronic pain. They are localized mainly in the genitals. These pains are the main and primary symptom of prostatitis.
  • Asymptomatic- this is the most annoying, difficult to diagnose, and no symptoms. It can only be identified when routine preventive examinations are performed.


The first and obvious symptom that can indicate the appearance of prostatitis is difficulty urinating and painful sensations at these times. If you have such feelings, you should definitely consult your doctor and check for infection. This is also true if you want to urinate excessively often and your bladder is empty in small pieces.

It is especially important to pay attention to any abnormal body changes and sensations, taking into account the fact that inflammatory processes often begin to progress completely asymptomatic and graduallygradually transformed into a chronic form. And such a disease is much more difficult to treat, because even after the infection has been eliminated, the development of prostatitis can continue.

Acute prostatitis is much easier to identify. Because in this case, it manifested strongly and suddenly. But it is worth remembering that each man's illness can progress in completely different ways, everything very individually.

Symptoms of acute prostatitis, which are the main symptoms of prostatitis:

What is the manifestation of prostatitis in men
  • Painful urination.
  • Frequently want to empty the bladder.
  • Pain sensations in the perineum. And not only in the genitals, but also in the anus and sacrum.
  • Potential disturbances.
  • If the act of defecation is accompanied by a painful sensation.
  • Weakness in the body and feeling unwell.
  • The temperature increases.
  • Increased sweating for unknown reasons.
  • Persistent feeling of bladder filling.
  • During a bowel movement, simultaneous discharge occurs from the urethra.
  • Unstable, or irritable, emotional state.

It is not necessary for a man to manifest all of his symptoms at once, since each organism is individual. Therefore, the manifestations can be completely different. One of the most pressing symptoms, after which it is necessary to check whether there is an inflammatory process or not, is a violation of potency. This could be an erection problem or premature ejaculation, and in some cases, in principle, a lack of libido. But don't worry about this - as soon as the underlying disease is cured, all of these problems go away on their own.


To accurately diagnose and determine the presence of the disease, you must consult a urologist. Since you can't do this yourself and if you start the inflammatory process, you can cause serious complications.

The approximate algorithm used for the diagnosis is as follows:

  1. See your doctor for the overall clinical assessment of the condition.
  2. Urine analysis (a general analysis is usually done on a microbiota).
  3. An examination to identify sexually transmitted diseases.
  4. how to diagnose prostatitis
  5. Determine presence or absence of infection using a gauze pad from the urethra.
  6. Ejaculation analysis.
  7. Ultrasound exams of the pelvic organs.
  8. Computer tomography.
  9. In some cases, biopsy if prostate cancer is suspected.

After doing all of the above studies, a "test" treatment for the infection is performed if inflammation is found. And on the basis of all of these data, the doctor will recommend a treatment regimen for prostatitis.

Often the question arises as to whether chronic prostatitis can be cured. Doctors' opinion on this matter is very comforting, it is quite easy to treat.


The disease itself is very difficult to cure and makes the treatment of doctors very difficult. However, this doesn't mean that the doctor can't do anything. The disease is completely curable and very quickly you can relieve the symptoms and benefit the sick person. Using drugs to treat prostatitis in men, you will very quickly reduce the discomfort. Additionally, modern medicine is capable of many things, including inducing steady remission. The truth depends on the patient herself as to how the whole treatment will take place. It is imperative to explicitly and without doubting all the recommendations prescribed by the doctor, for otherwise you may not achieve the desired results. But to ensure the cure, it is necessary to ensure the professionalism of the doctor, because the procedure and treatment regimen for prostatitis must be very well outlined by the patient otherwise it will be difficult to achieve the effect. .

A set of remedies taken to treat prostatitis usually includes the following procedures:

Antibiotic therapy

drugs for prostatitis

Since prostatitis is an inflammation caused by an infected prostate gland, the main treatment is to stop it. Therefore, inflammatory prostatitis is treated with antibiotics. It is very difficult to find the best cure for prostatitis, as everything is completely personal. To date, to cure chronic prostatitis, doctors use drugs of the macrolide group. Their main effect is that protein formation is blocked in bacteria, thereby disrupting vital activity. Although in some cases other drugs are used. The attending physician chooses a drug and makes a treatment regimen with its help, taking into account the characteristics of each individual, so the dosage and the way of drug selection in each individual case willdissimilarity.

On average, the course of taking antibiotics by itself is about 2 weeks. But again, everything depends on the individual characteristics of the patient. After this time, a second full examination and study is usually performed to determine if it is necessary to stop treatment or change the treatment plan. Medicine for men is one of the main ways to fight prostatitis. However, not the only one.


Massage is a very effective method of prostatitis prevention and treatment. Since one of the main causes of its appearance is stagnation, massage allows you to get rid of them. By improving blood microcirculation in the genitals and draining secretions of the prostate gland, the condition is generally improved and the treatment is more successful, the recovery is faster. Prostate massage can be done independently and by a doctor. In which methods are testicular dilatation, testicular massage, direct impact on the prostate through the anus. But there are also some limitations. Since such massage is a certain physical effect, it should not be performed if prostatitis progresses in an acute form, as well as hemorrhoids, fissures and other diseases of the rectum. In addition to antibiotic therapy, massage is very often prescribed, as it has repeatedly proven effective in treating this difficult disease. Treatment of prostatitis with massage is often part of the suite of measures to get rid of this unpleasant disease.

In addition to massage, treatment for prostatitis at home includes performing complex or individual exercises that will help normalize blood circulation in the pelvic organs and thus promote the process. heal quickly.


In addition, physiotherapeutic procedures indicated to treat prostatitis are also capable of supporting the complete treatment of this disease. It helps improve tissue nutrition, blood circulation in the prostate gland. For these procedures, one or another device to treat prostatitis is used. Among the methods and methods of physical therapy, one can apply magnetic and laser therapy, electrophoresis, warm baths, electrophoresis, and ultrasound. In some cases, the use of the mud bath method is very effective. Another physical therapy process for the treatment of prostatitis is the use of enema drugs with different preparations. For example, use mineral water.

When using individual prostatitis devices, be very careful not to cause any damage.

Herbal medicine

Usually also used outside the main course of treatment. With the help of phytotherapy, prostatitis in men is treated at home, but in no case should replace the oral administration of the main antibiotic. Taking decoctions and supplements helps the body to strengthen the immune system, thereby increasing the body's defenses and contributing to its ability to fight infections successfully. With the help of herbal remedies, chronic prostatitis is treated with folk remedies. This is a good complementary therapy to the main treatment, because thanks to the effects of some herbs, it can accelerate the blood circulation of the pelvic organs and the whole body, increasing the abilityAnti-infection.


Prostatitis is often of a psychotic nature. And what happens is that even the use of oral prostatitis pills did not achieve the desired effect. In addition, prostatitis often causes serious disturbances in a man's sexual sphere, causing him to often fall into an unstable psychological - emotional state. Psychotherapy exactly aims to cope with these crisis moments and maintain a formal personality. Usually, men begin to be extremely insecure about such health problems, which affect all areas of life greatly. Combining prostatitis treatments with competent psychological work with the patient is very important. There are often cases where the treatment is much more effective after a man has undergone psychotherapy and has been dealing with some very difficult internal problems. Therefore, this type of therapy is no less important for successful treatment than others.


surgical treatment of prostatitis in men

In particularly difficult and severe cases, you may need to seek the help of a surgeon. Urethral stenosis may occur and prostate abscess may occur. Sometimes it is necessary to remove the adenoma. All this will happen if the proper diagnosis and treatment are not done in time. Then complications began - and this type of intervention was required. In severe cases, surgery to remove the prostate gland may be required. To prevent that effect, it is necessary to regularly take preventive measures, visit a doctor every six months.


Because inflammation occurs because the body cannot fight off infection on its own, in order to effectively treat prostatitis, it is necessary to strengthen the immune system. Also, if antibiotic treatment has been unsuccessful in the past, then the immune system is in a weakened state, and more strength is needed. In addition, this therapy also has a very positive effect in preventing the recurrence of prostatitis after recovery.

Treatment could be as simple as vitamin or mineral supplements. The best approach is to contact an immunologist who will do all the necessary tests and prescribe exactly what the body lacks in order to successfully function and increase protective functions. Then drugs to treat prostatitis will achieve the highest efficiency.


In addition to general treatment, especially if chronic prostatitis is being treated, the regimen and diet are given certain adjustments. Also, there are no joint programs; In each individual case, specific restrictions or additions are given. It depends on both the form of the disease and the man's body.

Nutritional adjustments for prostatitis

But there are some basic requirements that are required. Furthermore, they should be observed immediately when there is suspicion of prostatitis. These restrictions include primarily the denial of alcohol. Because it has a destructive effect on the body and can stimulate the proliferation of inflammation. So you should limit the use of salt in your daily meals. And to ensure your daily fluid intake - at least 1. 5 liters.

In all cases, the diet needs to be rebuilt in such a way that it is based on fresh vegetables and fruits and the remaining products that have been added to them. If the exacerbation occurs, fried, steamed foods should be discarded. Protein foods - meat, fish and chicken, for the exacerbation of inflammation, should also be excluded from the diet, gradually returning them as the condition improves.

There are also a number of products that have an adverse effect on the prostate gland, and therefore during the period of treatment they are recommended, if not excluded, to at least significantly reduce the use. These products include:

  • Tea and coffee - due to its high caffeine content. Cocoa is sometimes included in this group.
  • Any canned food, bacon, cured meat, and overly spicy or spicy dishes should also be excluded.
  • All animal fats, including broth.
  • Cabbage and all legumes can cause intestinal fermentation and should be avoided as well.
  • Bakery products, especially those made from flour - for the same reason.

Your doctor will also tell you exactly what changes need to be made in the diet.

Alternative Treatment

Prostatitis can be treated with folk remedies as well. But at the same time, it is imperative to consult a doctor first and to start treatment only with the consent of the doctor. There are many folk recipes - these can be using individual products, for example propolis or pumpkin seeds, or creating specials, tincture, candles.

Folk remedies for prostatitis can be a very effective aid to your prostatitis medication. But in no case should you self-medicate.


prevents the development of prostatitis

The main preventive measure of any disease is with regard to one's own health. To prevent the development of prostatitis, you should only try to avoid factors that could cause it. Namely - don't overcool, monitor your diet and lifestyle, exercise regularly and prevent the occurrence of sexually transmitted infections. And also regularly have sex with a normal partner, for immediate treatment of any infections, especially the pelvic organs.

But the best precaution is still getting regular checkups. Since prostatitis often occurs completely asymptomatic and if not diagnosed in time, it will be much more difficult to cure it later. So don't forget this remedy and see your doctor at least every six months.